Price Reduction in era of Stalin and Socialist building:

The difference in approaches, all around, was visible, in economic policies, politics, foreign relations, social and cultural agendas, party line and functioning. We shall see one of the changes, which was one of the seeds of the capitalist restoration in USSR, after the death of Stalin and the rise of Khrushchev.

“On April 1, 1953, in what had become a tradition, the nation was rewarded with another reduction in retail prices. Stalin strongly championed the policy of regular reduction in prices. He regularly characterized it as integral to the socialist political economy.” (Page 245)

The reason for this (that of Stalin), as per the author, “Our socialist industry enjoys an absolute monopoly since there is no private manufacturing. The country is shielded from the world market by a monopoly on foreign trade. Given the strict control of prices, there is virtually no domestic competition among our enterprises. There is a short-age of consumer goods. Under these conditions, systematically lowering prices is the most effective means of stimulating higher productivity and better quality. Lowering consumer prices prevents sloth and stagnation and is the best way to raise wages in real terms.” (ibid)

In next paragraph we see the reversal of this policy, “One of the grave economic consequences of the Khrushchevshchina was the abandonment of the policy of the price reductions, and the shift to the policy of overt and covert price increases for consumer goods. This caused serious harm to the entire economic and political situation in the country.”Further, in next paragraph, the author continues, “The price reduction on 1 April, 1953, included almost all food products, ………….. It was the sixth postwar price reduction. The preceding five price reductions meant the prices were half of what they had been in the fourth quarter of 1947, and the sixth reduction was the biggest, saving people fifty-three billion rubles over the period of a year. It represented a great economic victory, especially when compared to the steady increase in prices in the capitalist world.)

(From The Kremlin’s Scholar by Dmitrii Shepilov)

নকশালদের প্রতি চীন কম্যুনিস্ট পার্টির পরার্মশ:

১৯৭০এর নভেম্বরে চীনের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টি বেশকিছু পরামর্শ (most valuable fraternal suggestions) দেয় সি পি আই (এম এল)-কে। তখনও চীনের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির চেয়ারম্যান মাও। ভাইস চেয়ারম্যান লিন বিয়াও। অভিযোগ ওঠে সেই চিঠি চারু মজুমদার পায়। কিন্তু মজুমদার আলোচনার জন্য নেতৃত্বের মধ্যে তা বিলি পর্যন্ত করেননি।

১৯৭২ সালের নভেম্বর মাসে পার্বতীপুরম মামলার বিচারাধীন ছয় নকশাল নেতা যথাক্রমে বাংলার কানু সান্যাল, সৌরেন বসু, অন্ধ্রপ্রদেশ এর তেজেশ্বর রাও, কোলা ভেঙ্কাইয়া এবং উড়িষ্যার ভূবনমোহন পট্টনায়েক ও নাগভূষণ পট্টনায়েক একটি ‘খোলা চিঠি’ সিপিআইএমএল সদস্যদের জন্য প্রকাশ করেন। ওই খোলা চিঠিতেই তাঁরা চীনের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির ১১টি পরামর্শকে তুলে ধরেন। পরে ১৯৭২এর নভেম্বর মাসে ফ্রন্টিয়ার পত্রিকায় তা প্রকাশিত হয়।

চীনের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টি সেদিন কী বলেছিল?
(১) “বাম হটকারিতা এবং দক্ষিণপন্থী বিচ্যুতি — এই দুইয়ের বিরুদ্ধে লড়াই করেই চীনের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির বিকাশ ও উন্নতি হয়েছে।”

(২) “তিনটি জাদু হাতিয়ার (magic weapons) এর সাহায্যে সফল হয়েছে চীন বিপ্লব — (ক) পার্টি (খ) পিপলস আর্মি এবং (গ) ইউনাইটেড ফ্রন্ট।”

(৩) “একদলের চেয়ারম্যান কে (পড়ুন মাও সে তুং কে) অন্য পার্টির চেয়ারম্যান বলা ভুল হবে। কারণ এটি শ্রমিক শ্রেণীর জাতীয় অনুভূতিতে আঘাত হানবে।”

(৪) “বুর্জোয়াদের সবাইকে মুৎসুদ্দি বলে চিহ্নিত করাও ভ্রান্ত”

(৫) “প্রকাশ্যে ট্রেড ইউনিয়ন সংগঠন, প্রকাশ্যে গণসংগঠন এবং গণআন্দোলন আজকের দিনে অপ্রাসঙ্গিক হয়ে গিয়েছে এবং গুপ্তহত্যার পথই একমাত্র পথ, এই ধারনার পুনর্বিবেচনা দরকার। আমরা আগে আপনাদের ‘খতম’ (annihilation) শব্দের অর্থ বুঝতে পারিনি। আমরা ভেবেছিলাম আপনারা বোধহয় চেয়ারম্যান মাওয়ের ওয়ার অ্যানিহিলেশন থেকে এই ধারনা নিয়েছেন। কিন্তু লিবারেশন পত্রিকায় (সি পি আই এম-এল’র মুখপত্র) ১৯৭০এর জুলাই মাসের (মে-জুলাই) সংখ্যা থেকে বুঝলাম, আপনারা গুপ্তহত্যার কথা বলছেন।”

(৬) “আপনারা লিন বিয়াওয়ের জনযুদ্ধ তত্ত্বকে যান্ত্রিকভাবে প্রয়োগ করছেন। লিনের গেরিলা যুদ্ধের তত্ত্ব একটি সামরিক ব্যাপার। ….এই সামরিক তত্ত্বের সঙ্গে রাজনৈতিক ও সাংগঠনিক প্রশ্নের কোনও সম্পর্ক নেই।”

(৭) “শ্রেণীশত্রুর রক্তে হাত না রাঙালে কোনও বিপ্লবী কমিউনিস্ট হয় না, এই সূত্রায়ন একেবারেই ভ্রান্ত। এই যদি কমিউনিস্ট হওয়ার মাপকাঠি হয়, তাহলে তিনি আদৌ কমিউনিস্ট নন, তাঁকে সমর্থন করা যায় না।”

(৮) “আপনারা কৃষি বিপ্লবের ওপর কোনো গুরুত্ব দেন নি এবং ভুমিসমস্যা কে অবহেলা করে রাষ্ট্রক্ষমতা দখলের স্লোগান কে বেশি গুরুত্ব দিয়েছেন। কোনোরকম কৃষি বিষয়ক কর্মসূচিও গ্ৰহণ করেন নি।”

(৯) “গণসংগ্রাম ও গণসংগঠন ব্যতীত কৃষক শ্রেণীর সশস্ত্র সংগ্রামকে টিঁকিয়ে রাখা যায় না। আমরা (পড়ুন চীনের কম্যুনিস্ট পার্টি) নকশালবাড়ির সংগ্রাম কে শুধুমাত্র রাষ্ট্রক্ষমতা দখলের সংগ্রাম বলে সমর্থন করিনি। এই ব্যাপারে আমাদের সুস্পষ্ট ব্যাখ্যা পাওয়া যাবে ‘spring thunder breaks over India’ রচনাটির মধ্যে।”

(১০) “একজন নেতার সন্মান ও কর্তৃত্ব কে তৈরি ( ম্যানুফ্যাকচার) করা যায় না, সেগুলি ক্রমশ বর্ধিত ও উন্নত হয়।”

(১১) “আপনাদের orientation ঠিক আছে কিন্তু আপনারা যে সব নীতি গ্রহণ করেছেন সেগুলি ভুল।”

[কোনো প্রকার মন্তব্য, টিকা টিপ্পনি ছাড়াই মূল চিঠিকে যতদূর সম্ভব অবিকৃত রেখে এই লেখাটি লিখিত। কেবলমাত্র ঐতিহাসিক মূল্যায়ন এর জন্য: স.স]
সংগৃহীত

Let me give a short translation.

1.) Left adventurism and right wing deviation- by fighting these two trends has the CPC developed.

2.) 3 magic weapons helped in the Chinese revolution’s victory- a.) Party b.) People’s army c.) United front

3.) Calling the Chairman of one party by another party as their Chairman(China ka chairman humra chairman) is wrong. It hurts the working classe’s national sentiment.

4.) Tagging every bourgeois as comprador is wrong.

5.) “open trade union and mass organisation is not needed any more, individual assassination is the only way”. This formulation is wrong.

6.) You’ve mechanically applied Lin Biao’s people’s war theory. It’s a military theory and has no relation with political and organisational question.

7.) “One can’t become a revolutionary unless he bathes his hands in the blood of class enemies”. This formulation is wrong. If this is the yardstick of measuring a Communist then he’s not even a communist, he can’t be supported.

8.) You people have ignored agrarian revolution and the agrarian question but stressed more upon state power takeover.

9.) Without any mass movement and mass organisation one cannot sustain an armed revolution. We clearly clarified this in our article “Spring thunder breaks over India” that we simply aren’t showing support for a state power take over.

10.) One cannot manufacture the respect and authority of a leader. Those attributes gradually develop over time.

11.) Your orientation is correct but your method is wrong.

(Translation by Com Rehan)

Murder of George Floyd and racism, a cancer of the American and other white dominated societies, has ignited the “gunpowder” in the USA and many other countries, which was waiting for such spark, over decades, due deep cut in the people’s life standard. World is rising very often against the injustice done by the ruling class and its state against the exploited and oppressed workers, peasants.

Despite Coronavirus and prohibitory orders by the states, we are witnessing such mammoth rallies, protests, processions, revolts, even turning into violent ones. It was not different even before the present pandemic, in fact, much more; India, Latin American countries, African nations, EU included.

The rise is not merely against racism or casteism but against hegemony of capital on the working people, through exploitation and plunder. This hegemony is manifested in soaring chronic unemployment & inequality, crime & corruption, terrorism & war.

All the protests, peaceful or violent, will not be able to change the ground, which enables few to exploit many, rule over them, convert them into slaves and appendages of machine to create surplus value, while boasting that the development is for them; use social discrimination to exploit them even more and keep them disunited, dispirited and away from the revolutionary flame!

That implies, capitalism cannot be buried and socialism established by mere mass revolts, irrespective of increase in their numbers and spreading world over, but only by demolishing the bourgeois state and establishing proletarian state, which would enable the proletarian class to construct socialism! And the crux of the matter is, the necessity of a revolutionary party to use the existing revolutionary situation, guide the working class and the oppressed people to a successful revolution!

Educate, Arm with the revolutionary ideology, Strengthen the Revolutionary Perty, Unite and Fight!

Workers of the world Unite!

Vow! Whatever one may say about #Juche, it’s a wonderful dream, and achievable! “It is important to completely eliminate manual labor and modernize production processes,” Kim.
In India, despite all money, technology & SC’s verdict, and being the biggest “democracy”, our workers are still cleaning manhole manually, and embracing death due lack of oxygen, for bread, that too, without butter!
Further, N Koreans are expert in producing fragrance, “…a well-known “spring fragrance” brand that has a market outside of North Korea as well.”
Highly impressed!

(Full post: https://www.newsweek.com/north-korea-kim-jong-un-wants-completely-eliminate-manual-labor-1005450?fbclid=IwAR1wWFnE6w5NVOybzXZeh6XMCSPKrwNnTdQ70-lSrFHnwx0gz0MuTFuj86k)

Came across a book titled “Foreign Literature” by Luan Rexhepi and Qazim Baroni. This book is written for secondary school! It was published by Albanian Society.

I thought of letting our Indian readers to have a glimpse of this book, must not be misunderstood as book review by me!

I quote from the first page;-

“The Beginnings of Greek Literature

The most ancient moments of classical Greek literature are the epic poems “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey” of Homer, which originated in Asia Minor, among the Ionians. This is not to say that the Greeks were lacking in poetic creation before Homer, only that the Homeric poems were the oldest works of artistic value were written down, and so passed into historic tradition. This was assisted by the invention of the alphabet, of northern Semitic origin, which was received and further developed by the Greeks of Asia Minor, especially by the Ionians, in the 9th and 8th centuries BC, when the epopee of Homer is thought to have been drafted. The invention of writing was the decisive factor which served for the development not only of the epopee, but of every form of culture.”

(Underlined by me)

Development of script and language is shown with the development of civilisation and along with the politics, culture, and economy! See this

“When, after the Persian Wars, Athens took first place not only in trade, but also in political and cultural life, the dialect of Athens – Attic – became the literary language of all Greeks.”

“In the genre of comedy, the most notable writer of the epoch was Menander. He enriched the stage with progressive ideas, drawing his themes from daily life. He fought against superstition, and defended the rights of women and slaves. His influence extended not only to the Roman playwrights Plautus and Terence, but even to Shakespeare and Moliere”

(Quote from page 7 of ibid) Here we find the progressive ideologues are sympathetic to slaves, advocate their ‘rights’, even though not fighting for their emancipation!

Page 12

While praising the poem, it brings out its limitations as well;

“Despite its indisputable grandeur, the Homeric epos has significant ideological limitations. It idealises individuals, heroes, leaders, on whom the main attention of the poet is concentrated. The tribal aristocracy is idealised; the class contradictions are clearly brought out. But the poet does not show the masses in struggle, exaggerating the role of powerful heroes. This is seen also in the attitude of the poet towards his characters.”

Are we different today? In fact religion, caste, nationality have become the biggest enemy of working class; breaking their unity, even by murdering them!

William Shakespeare

The book describes him not a simple entertainer but as a thinker, who is pained with the feudal system and not happy with the capitalism, which is rising from the wombs of the former. See the following;-

“In “Richard III”, who used England as his private estate, the causes of civil wars were analysed. Shakespeare opposed to the power of the rich historical necessity, which led to class struggle, mistakes and crimes” (Page 21).

He was a Social writer, see here;-

“In these plays the contradictions between the plebeians and the aristocracy, the clashes between the republican and the monarchic leaders, were exposed, that is to say, they dealt in reality with topical problems of the 16th century.” (Page 21)

Macbeth

Here (In the above drama by Shakespeare) author shows how class character affects the individual, see here;-

“Its theme is this: egoistic ambition for power, the vice of class society, destroys the soul of a brave and honourable man, and casts him into the abyss.” (Page 23)

Classicism

Greatness of the book lies its scientific explanation of any trend of art, writings, etc. The social background, existing social class, existing class struggle against injustice gives rise to a particular political, social, cultural, literature, etc; that is, a superstructure based on the society’s existing economic condition!

See this,

“The struggle of the absolute monarchic state (In France in 17th Century) to create a system of government with iron discipline to serve the interests of the aristocracy, together with the efforts this stratum to show off its behaviour, feelings and tastes – this became the first historico-social factor which inspired the creation of a definite school or trend of thought in life, in culture, and in art, a movement called by the name of “classicism”. Its most concentrated expression is to be found in literature.”

(Page 29)

Could not be better!

Other authors praise this Classical era of France in 17th Century, here the authors talk of the ground which gave birth to a particular trend, the resistance by the peasants against the autocracy and the outcome in literature! Readers will be astonished to know, same was with Shakespeare, which I have mentioned above!

Now a French art, drama and culture. “Moliere has given us in finished art, the type of the bourgeois of the period of the primitive accumulation of capital.” (Page 39)

This artist, who worked on stage as writer, owner, actor (1622- 1673) shows the pains of class divided society of French feudalism, which was losing ground against new emerging capitalism. In his play “The miser”, the master shows us the nature of a bourgeois, who though knows how to profit, but remains a miser and does not even fulfil his duties as a parent!

This book, is worth gold. To understand the meaning of a true art, social art, it picks up the authors, here Moliere, the French artist, writer & stage actor, through whom, it shows, how imaginary characters can and does show the existing society, the class characters, and yet, make the drama, the creation a national hit! See this:-

“Moliere expressed the most progressive thought of the time in his struggle against the religious world outlook and the savage reaction of the clergy. He was the sworn enemy of every form of religious or social hypocrisy and he exposed them with great courage.”

(Page 41)

Tartuffe, the villain, the religious fraud, did become synonym for “religious hypocrisy”, nay, “hypocrisy” in general in France!

Romanticism

Now, we come to Romanticism, after having seen Classicism! To start with, let us see how this book deals this emerging trend in literature, was it incidental, writer’s imagination or some social economic background?

See this:-

“……… Like other movements, romanticism did not arise accidentally; it had its roots in the economic-social changes occurred as a result of the bourgeois revolutions, and especially of the French Revolution. A powerful impetus was given to romanticism by the liberation movements of the masses of the people which broke out after this revolution, by the struggle against feudalism and national oppression, by the disillusionment which affected broad social strata as a result of the non-realisation of the promises of the French Revolution.”

(Page 43)

Does it sound logical? In fact, while the class struggle that was brewing; that of between the new bourgeois class and the proletarian and the bourgeoisie and old decaying Feudalism, which wanted its past glory to be recovered; set a movement in the literature, art!

Art is reflection of social realities. See this from page 45:-

“Progressive and revolutionary romanticism was one of the most powerful and most progressive trends in the history of literature. The positive elements of this romanticism, its revolutionary pathos, form today a component part of the art of socialist realism which, armed with Marxist-Leninist ideology, with the theory of class struggle, is in a position to show the true road to the bright future of mankind.”

Don’t we see, same in our country, in form of writings on Maharana Pratap, Lakshmi Bai; by Prem Chand and in recent past, Bhikhari Thakur (People’s poet, stage dramatist, artist in Bihar), and others? Poems, stories against the oppression of mankind, even if it lacked clear depiction of class struggle, but smell of class oppression was always there!

And see, how this book shows you the changes in literature, through Classicism to Romanticism, reflection of social reality (Page 46)

“In depicting external environment, the romanticists – unlike the classicists, for whom only everlasting things had importance, elements which they regarded as common to all countries and all times – were particular, with that which changed from one epoch to country to another, from one country to another – that is, with local colouring.”

Byron, The British Aristocrat, Who turned against own Class & Poet

“The poet places all this description of Albanian life in romantic antithesis to life in the aristocratic-bourgeois society of Britain, to the spirit of profit and hypocrisy which dominates that society, with the dissolute morals and egoism of its official circles.”

This book excels in finding out the rebels, who criticise their own class, hypocrisy based on exploitation by the feudal and rising capitalists and also limitations of the rebels of yester years, who did not see the full developed capitalism or imperialism and hence had no concept of class less society! Perfect historical materialism and dialectics!!

This poet, advances though in limits of Romanticism of his time, but politically is much aware compared to his counter parts and as such the book brands his “Militant Romanticist”.

 Book says- “THE AGE OF BRONZE” (1823), a satirical poem exposes the activity of the reactionary Holy Alliance. This alliance was signed between the rulers of Russia, Austria and Prussia in 1815, after the fall of Napoleon; later the monarchs of other states joined the alliance. This was a league of the rulers against the peoples of Europe, to fight against revolution.

Byron despises Landowners and Bourgeoisie, growing fat on the backs of other peoples of Europe through wars which became the source of wealth for merchants! We don’t find such depiction of reality, today in our literature, be it India or even in USA, which has become fat, nay, a very small section of USA people, and the elite, by way of selling weapons for the regular war every year!!

Don Juan

The world through which Don Juan; the Hero of the work, young Spaniard Juan, intends to travel Greece, Turkey, Russia, etc; and based on his experience, the author shows a world of exploitation, of social injustice, of cruelty and moral degeneration.

Novel “Don Juan” rings out powerfully the theme of revolution. The poet’s dream is directed forward, to a bright future. He has complete faith that the time will come when men will, in the end, attain freedom and live in “the new age”. The poet calls on the peoples of Europe to follow the example of rebellious Spain and Greece. “Only revolution with its iron hand can save the world from the torments of hell”!

What vision, what fire in Byron to fight against the injustice, a firm supporter of Revolution (In India, middle class is against even thought of Revolution, as they are scared of unknown, and do not wish to move out of their ‘cushy’ present, though very unsatisfied from their own living conditions)

See the importance of Byron, where Engels wrote,

“Shelley and Byron, with their ardent feeling and bitter satire of contemporary society, drew a majority of their readers from among workers; the bourgeois kept in his house only so-called ‘family publications’, publications devoid of content and appropriate to the hypocritical morality of the time”. (Page 60)

CRITICAL REALISM

Critical realism was a literary trend which flourished in Europe in the 19th century. It replaced that of progressive romanticism! Realism means the truthful reflection in literature of objective reality, of life and of human character!

(Was not our Munshi Premchand, and to some extent Rabindranath Tagore in this category?)

Balzac, was a true representative of this trend due deep contradictions of remaining Feudalism and emerging Capitalism, while on the other side victorious Capitalism vs. working class and peasants!

In UK Dickens, in USA Mark Twain and Jack London are few examples of this trend!

Russia began particularly with Pushkin’s novel “Evgeni Onegin” and was represented by a series of notable writers such as Turgenev, Chekhov and Leon Tolstoy

The Spread of Critical Realism in the World

“With the development of capitalism in Europe and America went a corresponding broad development in the literature of critical realism, until by the middle of the 19th century it had become the dominant literary trend.”

(Page 65)

This relation of ground reality and the literature, gives the readers the holistic picture of the work, the background of writer’s mind, his relation with the contemporary society, the class contradiction and his preference to a particular class, and even his limitations! Vow! Is this explanation, research not unique compared to other critics?

See, today’s critics of books, movies, stories, novels, blogs, novels, poems, etc; how shallow and sketchy they are, void of any ground reality! Even the language used by these writers are far away from the present language used by the people and prefer to use flowery and worse by the English authors! Natural, as they lack the social reality, lack even the basic understandings of prevailing class consciousness among the exploited, rising antithesis of class struggle, seen in rhetoric, religiosity, national chauvinism!!!

Balzac

“.. he emphasised the idea that work and happiness in bourgeois society cannot be reconciled, that some strata of society are obliged to work, while the fruits of this work, happiness and amusement are appropriated by other social strata.”

(Page 73)

Jack London

American literature did not fall back! Here is great peace from this great Leftist writer, when he was arrested in Canada for vagrancy;

“The whole of life revolves around food and shelter. For a man to obtain food and shelter, he must sell something. The shopkeeper sells shoes; the politician sells his conscience; women, whether they are dissolute or joined in the holy bonds of matrimony, are ready to sell their bodies. All are buyers and sellers. But the worker can find only one thing to sell — his muscles”.

With all his weakness, Jack London is a successful writer in showing the real conditions of the working class, the role of media, reactionary political parties and Trade Unions, religion in breaking the revolution of the oppressed class to favour the oppressor, in all his novels!

See, what a revolutionary character in his novel “The Iron Heel” says:

“We demand all that you possess. We shall be content with nothing less than all that you possess. We shall take into our hands the reins of power and the destiny of mankind. These are our hands. They are strong. They will take from you your governments, your palaces and all your purpled ease, and in that day you shall for your bread”!

SOCIALIST REALISM (Part 2 of the Book)

Now we come to 2nd part of the book! Russian literature during the revolutionary is described as the reflection arising from the contradiction of deep class antagonism and fight for hegemony. See here:-

“In Gorky’s novel ‘The Mother’, which appeared in 1906, he laid the foundations of the new proletarian literature, the literature of socialist realism. The formation of Gorky as proletarian writer, as founder of the literature of socialist realism was linked with — apart from the above factors, the struggle of the proletariat and the spread of Marxism — the earlier literary heritage and contemporary literary experience. But in the first place, as the favourable literary terrain on which the creativity of Gorky was nourished, was the Russian literature of critical realism: the works of Pushkin, Tolstoy, Nekrasov and many other writers.” (Page 2)

Socialist realism reflects life with truthfulness and in its revolutionary development!

Further, the authors are honest to the core and even declare their ‘preference’ to a particular class, here, the working class; “. There is bourgeois partisanship and communist partisanship, depending upon the interests of which class the writer defends.”!

Maximum Gorky

“The proletarians and working people of the world, reading the novel, found there the main problems which troubled them, found there not only the reflection of their pain but also the path of their salvation. The novel ‘The Mother’ taught them to understand that escape from suffering and social injustice lay in their own hands; that it could be attained only by assimilating scientific communism, by creating the revolutionary party, by rising in struggle.” (Page 19, Part 2)

Mayakovsky

“…..is the poem ‘V. I. Lenin’. It fully and finally affirmed the method of socialist realism in poetry. With this poem began the period of maturation and full flowering of Mayakovsky’s revolutionary talent. The poem includes rich material from the centuries-old history of the struggle of the proletariat, from its birth to its triumph in one-sixth of the world…..”

(Page 38, Part II)

BERTOLT BRECHT

 Brecht is among the distinguished representatives of socialist realist art. As a creator, he is many-sided: poet, dramatist, director, critic and publicist.

In the poetical chronicle of Brecht one finds the simple man with a life filled with troubles, one finds the exploitation of the capitalist system, but one also finds the fighter for the new life, the worker, the peasant, the soldier in the trenches of world-wide slaughter, the heartless gentlemen of capital, the fascists, the wounds of human life; interrupted love, the beautiful dream of a new life, the mother, the child, eminent leaders of the working class, the Anti-Fascist Front, the Party, the revolution! (Page 45, Part II)

Conclusion

Now, dear readers, I will not flood you with literature anymore, if you have endured me so far! My last quote from the above book, is from the early childhood struggle of Gorky!

“When he was a child, working as a dishwasher on a ship, he came to know a cook who had a great love for books. He communicated love of reading to Gorky. In the cook’s book-filled chest, “in the most surprising library in the world”, as Gorky called it, there were books of the most varied kinds. He read eagerly: “From these books”, wrote Gorky, “in my soul a strong belief was created: I was not alone in the world and I should not get lost”. (Page 11, Part 2)

Stop the witch-hunt of activists!
Condemn the arrests of Pinjra Tod members Devangana Kalita and Natasha Narwal!
Release all political prisoners!
May 26th 2020
On the evening of 23rd May 2020, the Delhi Police arrested Devangana Kalita and Natasha Narwal, activists
of Pinjra Tod and students of Jawaharlal Nehru University. Charged under FIR 48/2020, both were initially
interrogated by the police at their home. They were then taken into police custody and presented the next
day before Duty Magistrate in Mandoli Jail who ordered the granting of bail stating that the FIR’s charges
under IPC Section 353 (assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty) were
“not maintainable”, and that they were “merely protesting against NRC and CAA”. Foiled in its attempts to
incarcerate the activists, the Crime Branch of the Delhi Police immediately moved a fresh application under
FIR 50/2020 with grave charges including attempt to murder, conspiracy, rioting, obstruction of public
servant and sections of the Arms Act. Devangana and Natasha were then sent to two days of police custody.
The arrest of these two activists is not an isolated incident but part of a larger operation orchestrated by
the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Delhi Police since mid-February 2020. This has been done to bludgeon
and break the vibrant struggle for democratic rights that emerged in response to the communally charged
and anti-people Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), National Registry of Citizens (NRC) and National
Population Register (NPR). Even the arrival of the COVID-19 virus and imposition of the country-wide
lockdown has not deterred the onward march of this anti-people operation. Commencing as open police
support to the Hindutva mobs that assaulted, murdered, looted and ransacked their way across North East
Delhi between 23rd and 26th February, the operation then morphed into mass interrogations, detentions,
arrests and other forms of police harassment of persons associated with the protests against CAA, NRC,
NPR. In fact, the Additional Commissioner of Police has acknowledged over 750 FIRs and over 1300
persons have been arrested in relation to the Hindutva violence in North East Delhi while refusing to
divulge details of the FIRs filed. These open-ended and secret FIRs have aided the police in intimidating
and threatening various members of the Muslim community and activists involved in the struggle against
the CAA, NRC and NPR thereby creating a chilling effect among those so intimidated and others.
While many of those detained or arrested in the immediate aftermath of the Hindutva violence in North
East Delhi have been released, some like Ishrat Jahan and Khalid Saifi continue to languish in jail. Others
like Safoora Zargar, Meeran Haider, Shifa-Ur-Rehman and Asif Iqbal Tanha were arrested during the
lockdown under FIR 59/2020 which includes sections of the notorious Unlawful Activities Prevention Act
(UAPA). Another activist, Gulfisha Fatima, too has been in jail since 9th April. In her case as well, the police
reacted to initial granting of bail by lodging further charges to guarantee incarceration. In the case of
Safoora, multiple appeals for bail on account of the impact that incarceration during the COVID-19
pandemic may have on her pregnancy, have all been summarily rejected. Simultaneously, Safoora has been
subjected to vile and misogynistic attacks on social media. Besides these persons, numerous others have
been called for interrogation and questioning, with the police often seizing mobile phones without a
seizure memo. Through this seizure of mobile phones of several activists including Kawalpreet Kaur, a
member of the All India Students Association, and Mohammed Tasleem, a journalist running the online
portal Jamia World, the police aims to identify key activists involved in the struggle against the CAA, NRC
and NPR for future harassment.
According to numerous statements of the police in court and several media reports, the interrogations,
detentions and arrests are part of the efforts to identify and charge the perpetrators of the Hindutva
violence in North East Delhi. The sheer absurdity of this rationale is only exacerbated when juxtaposed
with the fact that the Delhi Police has done absolutely nothing to persons like Anurag Thakur, Kapil Mishra
and Ragini Tiwari. The three, all leaders of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, have been caught on camera
instigating violence against those who protested the CAA, NRC and NPR but continue to roam free. This
only reiterates that the series of the police actions commencing from mid-February seek to terrorise the
Muslim community, the motive force of the protests against the CAA, NRC and NPR and all those activists,
students and people that supported and stood in solidarity with that struggle for democratic rights. These
tactics are not unique to attack on the struggle against the CAA, NRC and NPR but were also deployed in
the Bhima Koregaon case where eleven academics, activists, journalists, lawyers, poets and trade unionists
were branded and targeted in an effort to demoralise the movement and crush dissent. Arrests of Sharjeel
Imam, Akhil Gogoi, Chingiz Khan, Dr. Kafeel Khan and the threat of arrest looming over Umar Khalid and
Kashmiri journalists Masrat Zahra, Peerzada Ashiq, Gowhar Geelani and Mushtaq Ganaie, must also be
similarly viewed.
The arrest of Devangana and Natasha, activists of Pinjra Tod, in some ways depicts the entire spectrum of
the State’s efforts to create a conspiracy against the democratic struggle opposing the CAA, NRC and NPR.
Since the initial days of the protests against the CAA, NRC and NPR, Pinjra Tod actively participated in
protest sites at Jaffrabad and Seelampur, which were among the most assertive in Delhi. This drew the ire
of the Delhi Police which lodged FIR 48/2020 on 22nd February, incidentally a day before Kapil Mishra
made his notorious speech and the Hindutva mob made its first appearance in North East Delhi.
The State’s continuing crackdown on those who protested against the CAA, NRC and NPR, despite protests
being suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic, is indicative of the polarisation in the balance of forces
underway in India. Prior to the emergence of COVID-19, the country was characterised by an accelerating
economic slowdown resulting in worsening material conditions for the masses and a vibrant struggle for
democratic rights. Encapsulated by the Prime Minister’s call to transform the COVID-19 crisis into an
opportunity, the State by imposing an abrupt lockdown, undertaking negligible relief efforts to alleviate
the deplorable conditions of the masses and declaring an insignificant stimulus package coupled with the
suspension of labour laws by multiple state governments, has in effect disciplined the masses into
accepting a new and harsher reality. Similarly, the Muslim community’s struggle against discrimination in
citizenship has been bludgeoned and broken with many of its most assertive voices incarcerated or facing
the threat of incarceration. This coupled with the State sponsored demonisation of the Muslim community,
during the protests against the CAA, NRC and NPR as “desh ke gaddaaron” and during the lockdown via
the narrative of “Corona Jihad”, actions in which the media has gleefully participated, are to affect a
submission of the Muslim community to a second-class status. In fact, any Muslim who even speaks against
these developments faces attack as witnessed in the case of Delhi Minority Commission Chairperson, Dr.
Zafarul-Islam Khan who was charged with sedition for raising concerns about the targeting of the Muslim
community even during the COVID-19 pandemic. The attack on the masses to the benefit of the owners of
property and the attack on the Muslims to the benefit of increasing Hindutva’s hold on society mark an
intensifying turn towards Brahmanical Hindutva Fascism.
This necessitates immediate and sustained responses from all democratic and progressive forces. The ongoing witch-hunt of activists is part of the programme to ensure that those speaking against the CAA, NRC
and NPR are silenced. The consequences of this witch-hunt are likely to be long-lasting if it is not countered
by the spirit of democratic assertion the country has witnessed since December. It is more urgent now than
ever that democratic forces across the country unite to fight against the systematic assault on the people
of this country. Consequently, the Campaign Against State Repression (CASR) call on all democratic and
progressive organisations and individuals to unitedly denounce the arrest of Devangana, Natasha and all
other persons arrested, detained or interrogated in connection with the protests against the CAA, NRC and
NPR. Furthermore, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, CASR calls for the release of all political prisoners
whose continued incarceration in jails filled beyond capacity constitutes a threat to their life and health.
Campaign Against State Repression
(Organising Team: AISA, AISF, APCR, BCM, Bhim Army, Bigul Mazdoor Dasta, BSCEM, CEM, CRPP, CTF, Disha,
DISSC, DSU, DTF, IAPL, IMK, Karnataka Janashakti, KYS, Lokpaksh, LSI, Mazdoor Adhikar Sangathan, Mazdoor
Patrika, Mehnatkash Mahila Sangathan, Morcha Patrika, NAPM, NBS, NCHRO, Nowruz, NTUI, People’s Watch, Rihai
Manch, Samajwadi Janparishad, Satyashodak Sangh, SFI, United Against Hate, WSS)

via अर्थवाद और पिछलग्गूपने की राजनीति को छोड़, क्रांतिकारी राजनीति की तैयारी करो!

SC further says, “Don’t prosecute employers for not paying wages”!
Why one “wants” to believe, worse to make the workers & oppressed people believe that “democracy” exists; police & judiciary & government & media & the capitalist class are working for them tirelessly and justice will follow eventually, even if “delayed” and there is no need for revolution; class struggle is baseless and they must remain satisfied on what “god” has given to them and in any case the revolution can never succeed?
Unemployment, inequality, ignorance and superstition, grand mismanagement is visible everywhere, in tackling day to day affairs or worse in the present crisis, Coronavirus pandemic or Economic Recession, Migrant Workers, workers of the informal and unorganised sectors, even workers from the organised sectors are dreaming pink slips, lifestyle is degrading!
Who are happy, the working women (at home or outside), the socially and religiously oppressed people? Only those are happy, who own the country, its natural and man created wealth and their political as well as administrative “managers”!
90-95% of the population lives in do-or- die conditions, bereft of employment, food, education, health services, shelters, respects!
Think, Educate, Unite, Resist for your rights, respects, justice!

via Revolutionary Study Guide

Do have a look. Interesting.

“Even Corona has been commodified; so now it has a use-value for the capitalists if not for the common Simons! And this is being executed like
Corona & Capitalism: Everyone loves a good pandemic!”

Other Aspect

By Pratyush Nilotpal

Like the Bubonic Plague of medieval world, the modern world today is grappling with Corona pandemic that has englufed almost all part of the globe.

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