Capitalists are not “real culprits” anyway. The real culprit is capitalism i.e., capital / wage labour relation of production – capitalist mode of production. Just as wage workers are slaves of wage, so also capitalists are slaves of profit; they collectively constitute the necessary functionaries of capital.
According to Marx, “capital is also necessarily a capitalist. The idea of some socialists, that we need capital but not capitalists, is completely false. …The concept of capital implies the capitalist. … Capital is essentially a capitalist.” – (Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations, International Publishers, New York, 1975, pp. 118-19)
Capitalists are merely capital personified. Existence of capital signifies the existence of the two interdependent and interrelated classes. None of the two sides have any respite until capitalism is done away with through world socialist revolution which requires maturity of two necessary conditions – 1) subjective i.e., the revolutionary will and organization of the working class, and 2) objective i.e., material abundance on world scale. Now it is an observable fact that productive and potential abundance on world scale exists progressively since about the beginning of the past century, whereas the other condition – the revolutionary will and worldwide organization i.e., class consciousness and an independent organization and movement – is still lagging behind. Even though over a century past in 1904 the Socialist Party of Great Britain came into being subsequently giving rise to the World Socialist Movement comprising companion parties, groups and contacts spread around the world who remain resolutely active towards world socialism, the Movement is yet to gain decisive ground.
Long ago in 1865 Karl Marx urged upon the workers of the world: “Instead of the conservative motto, ‘A fair day’s wages for a fair day’s work!” they ought to inscribe on their banner the revolutionary watchword, ‘Abolition of the wages system!'” (Value, Price and Profit, 1865, London, George Allen & Unwin Ltd. 1942, p. 93).
Thus, you know, the historical responsibility of abolition of wages slavery, abolition of capitalism rests solely on the initiative of an independent organization of the working class as a class-for-itself. Then why blame the capitalists? Historically, they are not responsible for the ongoing state of affairs of society. They had accomplished their own capitalist revolution eventually dismantling feudalism – the landed aristocracy and serfdom having drawn into this task their workers as its driving force around the world. They had duped workers with their buzzword – Liberté, égalité, fraternité in French for “liberty, equality, fraternity”, which is the national motto of France. That’s all. Thus they had captured political power and then retained their buzzword as a propaganda piece in their history books. Thereafter they had and have nothing to do with the next revolution in history – the World Socialist Revolution. Rather they are quite helpless regarding this task.
Socialist Revolution lingers on simply because of the utter confusion created by the social media – rightists, centrists and the leftists squaring the circle of capital’s bet – brainwashing and corrupting with their ubiquitous ideology of glorification of nationalism, patriotism, employment system, competition and private interests. This ideology has blinded and derailed world’s workers about what is to be done. Pitiably, most workers of the world are still remaining confined within capitalist perspectives. So if you want to blame anybody, you have to blame the workers of the world for not assuming and accomplishing their long pending revolutionary task.
Revolution – Ballots, not bullets
“… there could be no doubt for us, under the circumstances then obtaining, that the great decisive battle had commenced, that it would have to be fought out in a single, long and vicissitudinous period of revolution, but that it could only end in the final victory of the proletariat….
“But history has shown us too to have been wrong, has revealed our point of view at that time as an illusion. It has done even more; it has not merely dispelled the erroneous notions we then held; it has also completely transformed the conditions under which the proletariat has to fight. The mode of struggle of 1848 is today obsolete in every respect …
“The time of surprise attacks, of revolutions carried through by small conscious minorities at the head of masses lacking consciousness is past. Where it is a question of a complete transformation of the social organisation, the masses themselves must also be in it, must themselves already have grasped what is at stake, what they are fighting for, body and soul.
“The history of the last fifty years has taught us that. But in order that the masses may understand what is to be done, long, persistent work is required, and it is just this work that we are now pursuing, and with a success which drives the enemy to despair.”
Engels, Introduction to Marx’s “The Class Struggles in France 1848 to 1850” Marx/Engels, Selected Works, Vol. I, Progress Publishers, Moscow 1969, pp. 190, 199-200; Also See: Works of Frederick Engels 1895 at:
“That this collective appropriation can only be the outcome of the revolutionary action of the productive class – or proletariat – organized in a separate political party.
“That such organization must be pursued by all the means, which the proletariat has at its disposal, including universal suffrage, thus transformed from the instrument of trickery, which it has been up till now into an instrument of emancipation.” [Emphasis added]
Written on about May 10, 1880
Printed according to L’Égalité, No. 24, June 30, 1880, checked with the text of Le Précurseur
First published in Le Précurseur, No. 15, June 19, 1880
Translated from the French